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Cultural psychology is the study of how psychological and behavioral tendencies are rooted and embedded within culture. Culture theory is the branch of comparative anthropology and semiotics (not to be confused with cultural sociology or cultural studies) that seeks to define the heuristic concept of culture in operational and/or scientific terms.. Cultural psychologist, Richard Shweder argues that the psyche and culture are mutually constructed and inseparable. Sociocultural theory views human development as a socially mediated process in which children acquire their cultural values, beliefs, and problem-solving strategies through collaborative dialogues with more knowledgeable members of society. Populations that are Western, educated, and industrialized tend to be overrepresented in psychological research, yet findings from this research tend to be labeled “universal” and inaccurately applied to other cultures. In the 19th century, "culture" was used by some to refer to a wide array of human activities, and by others as a synonym for "civilization". Similarly, bonobos exhibit complex sexual behaviour, but human beings exhibit much more complex sexual behaviours. According to many theories that have gained wide acceptance among anthropologists, culture exhibits the way that humans interpret their biology and their environment. Sociocultural theory is an emerging theory in psychology that looks at the important contributions that society makes to individual development. Populations that are Western, educated, and industrialized tend to be overrepresented in psychological research. Cultural Theory has become very popular in part because of its intuitive appeal. It makes a neo-Durkheimian synthesis around a dynamic concept of culture as simultaneously creating, sustaining, and produced by institutions. Sociocultural factors are the larger-scale forces within cultures and societies that affect the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of individuals. Although most anthropologists try to define culture in such a way that it separates human beings from other animals, many human traits are similar to those of other animals, particularly the traits of other primates. Template:Culture Acceleration and amplification of these various aspects of culture change have been explored by complexity economist, W. Brian Arthur. In psychology departments across the country, a growing number of psychologists are doing something called “cultural psychology.” As they unpack their experiences and observations, unveil their theories and methods, and unfurl their often surprising results, an air of mystery collects around them. The growth that children experience as a result of these interactions differs greatly between cultures; this variance allows children to become competent in tasks that are considered important or necessary in their particular society. Outline. The main tenet of cultural psychology is that mind and culture are inseparable and mutually constitutive, meaning that people are shaped by their culture and their culture is also shaped by them. A major goal of cultural psychology is to expand the number and variation of cultures that contribute to basic psychological theories, so that these theories become morerelevant to the predictions, descriptions, and explanations of all human behaviors—not just Western ones. In the 19th century, "culture" was used by some to refer to a wide array of human activities, and by others as a synonym for "civilization". This theory focuses on how aspects of culture, such as values, beliefs, customs, and skills, are transmitted from one generation to the next. 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