The modern nation All rights reserved. But it leaves many question unanswered, and above all we are still left wondering how different states will be in the future. 2nd Oct 2017 During the medieval times, authority on a micro-level was based on the feudal system. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. They farmed the land of the knights and in return were promised protection. What does the South African term boerie mean? Likewise, many of those places we now treat as distinct nations, thought to be well‐defined by a shared history and culture, were actually quite internally diverse. Even after the modern state emerges triumphant, it remained comparatively weak for a time, growing slowly stronger over the centuries through a process of ossification that brought “lukewarm loyalty up to the white heat of nationalism.” 9 Just as the modern state arguably carried within it the germ of twentieth century totalitarianism, so too was the modern state as an idea inherently nationalistic. As we approach the end of an era of a politically sovereign nation-state, we are also beginning to recognize that state’s self-sufficiency is hard to achieve. In the modern era, states have become the most important political units in defining the identity of most people. And if total‐state socialism was not really inevitable, always there, latent in the DNA of modern statehood, then neither was the modern state a necessary and unavoidable result of the conditions of the Middle Ages. In the ancient world, borders were not clearly defined. 6. Study for free with our range of university lectures! Please subscribe or login to access full text content. Violence and the threat of violence continued to be a chronic feature of the daily life (Pierson, 1996). On a universalistic level, “international organizational authority existed in the form of the catholic church.”(Rourke, 2003:202) The Roman Catholic Church provided a universal language in the form of Latin. The treaty of Westphalia ended the thirty years war and gave leaders the authority to determine the religion of their own lands. Political power in Europe during these times was held by two levels of authority. 2020. “The growth of Europe’s economy undermined the feudal system and promoted the state system.”(Rourke, 2003:204) Improved trade and mass production created a wealthy class, leading to a change in political power. This system began in Europe and spread elsewhere with colonialism. “It was at the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 that Europe consolidated its long transition from the middle Ages to a world of sovereign states.”(Sovereignty, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: http://plato.stanford.edu). However, over the centuries the overarching authority of the church was overturned with the emergence of multiethnic empires such as British, French and German. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. State! Joseph R. Strayer, On the Medieval Origins of the Modern State (Princeton University Press 1970). The 20 th century is known as the century of Nation-State System. Borders and territory in the ancient world, https://doi.org/10.1093/actrade/9780199731503.003.0003. Technological development and environmental problems such as pollution are another negative impact of modernity. This, in turn, requires an understanding of earlier state formations and ideologies that has influenced the evolution (Nelson, 2006). 4 In his Essay on the Modern State, Christopher W. Morris calls our attention to the history of the modern state—largely and unfortunately neglected, he argues, by Anglo‐American political philosophers—and to the important fact that “our state system has not always existed.” 5 Morris is concerned with distinguishing the modern state from other forms of governance, both those historical and those merely possible. 80, Issue 3/4, pp.156-159, Mann, M, 1993,“A Theory of The Modern State”, The Sources of Social Power Volume 2, The Rise of Classes and Nation States 1760-1914, Cambridge University Press, Vol.2, pp.44-89, Morris, C.W, “The Modern State”, Handbook of Political Theory, Sage Publications, pp.1-16, Nelson, B.R, 2006, “State and Ideology” The Making of the Modern State – a Theoretical Evolution, Palgrave Macmillan, pp.1-177. What is the time signature of the song Atin Cu Pung Singsing? 1st Jan 1970 ‘The modern state system’ provides a history of the division of global space into independent states, something which is largely taken for granted now.