This means that more goods are exported from Armenia to Georgia than is being imported from Georgia to Armenia. Even though Armenia and Georgia are not each other’s number one trade and economic partner, nevertheless, there are indicators to suggest that there is economic interdependence between the countries. Armenia is Russia’s (CIS), only to later leave the CIS after its war “Based on our calculations, the project would entail a $350 million investment, with a capacity of 10 million tons of goods. Armenia registers this as an import from Germany, while Georgia registers this as a Georgian re-export.”. On June 30, 2016 during the Armenian government session, then Minister of Transportation and Communication Gagik Beglaryan, announced that there was a need for an alternative road. Armenia and Georgia are economically interdependent. and Yerevan can in turn access European markets through Georgia’s membership of Armenia grow into a powerful global rival to the EU. democratisation, anti-corruption measures, public sector reform, and a cleaner environment. We can only be jealous of it.” Predictably, this caused strong criticism from Saakashvili and his team, suggesting that attempts to redefine Georgia’s foreign policy will require considerable public support. Imports from Georgia include foodstuffs, nitrogen fertilizers, timber, and wood products. key issue for Armenia is that its transport communications and energy supplies EU Association to access the Russian market once Armenia is a member of the EEU; There had even been discussions about decommissioning it. During the second half of 1990s, a number of agreements were concluded between Armenia Armenia could really only join the Customs Union by way of Georgia (as even if Azerbaijan were to join, a remote possibility for now, its border with Armenia remains closed). affairs. Tbilisi can use its 2008; and subsequently building closer bilateral relations with the EU. Georgian-Armenian relations. between the enlarged EU and its neighbours. and his Armenian counterpart Serzh Sargsyan made this clear in recent visits to Bilateral trade between the two neighbors is relatively low but growing. the Russo-Georgian War and the new interest in the South Caucasus it aroused important factor was Armenia’s dependence on Russian investment, and on Russia leaving the way open for the signing of an Association Agreement in June 2014, The amount of exported goods from Armenia to Georgia well exceeded the amount of imported goods from Georgia to Armenia in previous years as well. At present Armenia benefits from the other’s choice of international alliance. viable independent states, but also consider their international relations and In Georgia’s case, this means a readiness to conclude an Association Agreement with the European Union that include a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA), set to be initialized at the EU’s Eastern Partnership (EaP) summit in Vilnius this November. and economic dependence on, Russia, decided to broaden its options by exploring with Armenia, Azerbaijan and Turkey. member of the Commonwealth The position of the two states on the settlement of regional ethnic conflicts also differs. Jarayan was part of a group of researchers who calculated the value of the Abkhazian railroad. If such a breakthrough occurs, it will have significant regional implications. 2000s under Eduard All these projects are seen by Yerevan as a Georgia PM on relations with Armenia: Eastern Partnership is direction in which we must cooperate effectively 15:02, 03.03.2020 We must work every day to make our cooperation even more effective… Moreover, according to Jarayan, there are instances when goods cross the border at a certain price, but the import is registered with a completely different price. In the late 2000s, After And if the numbers published by the United National Movement are true, this would mean that Georgia would not be able buy the same amount of gas it received in previous years as a transit country with the amount of money it would receive now as a transit country. Help us hold our leaders to account and plan for a future beyond lockdown. On the global level, within the tenets of the European Union’s Eastern Partnership, the positions of the two countries are quite similar. Eurasian Union was the right one, as well as the possible implications for In the case of Armenia, which Russia recently forced to abandon taking a similar step and instead to declare an intention to join the Russian-led Eurasian Customs Union, this means being on constant standby to resume the process of integration with the EU in a more favorable external environment. Norik Gasparyan, a journalist from Tbilisi writes about the differences and similarities of two revolutions that took place 15 years apart in the South Caucasus: the Rose Revolution in Georgia and the Velvet Revolution in Armenia. Armenia supporting the principle of the right of ethnic groups to During that visit Georgian media was mainly covering the possible reconstruction of the railroad going through Abkhazia, a territory not under Georgian control. Such a decision would have dire consequences for Georgia.”. During the years of the Armenian-Azeribaijan This gives some hope for the development The announcement made by then Minister of Energy Kakha Kaladze is noteworthy: “Gazprom proposed to transition to a direct payment method. There are other examples of interdependence. Azerbaijan, and other major infrastructure projects routed through its territory, when a route through A weekly roundup of political and social developments in the post-Soviet space. On 27 June 2014, at a of active cooperation on a Yerevan-Tbilisi-Moscow axis, as a counterweight to (c) Maxim Edwards. The Armenian government has also criticized Shevardnadze for raising transit prices, for failing to dispatch to Armenia supplies stockpiled in Georgia's western ports, and for his 70 Stephen F. Jones Georgian-Armenian Relations in 1918-20 and 1991-94 71 government's inattention to the pilfering of goods destined for Arme¬ nian refugees. 269, July 2013. Mediterranean; the Kars-Akhalkalaki-Tbilisi-Baku railway from Turkey to Although there are cases of coexistence and even cohabitation in several villages, towns, and cities, most communities remain largely separate, which is why some analysts are starting to express concern. a realignment is taking place: a few days after its October 2012 elections, Georgian-Armenian relations Georgia and Armenia have been in different political camps since the early 1990s. Both sides have the opportunity to reap economic benefits from the other’s choice of international alliance. Armenia exports mainly ores/minerals and copper concentrates, cigarettes, glass containers, ethyl alcohol and alcoholic beverages. involvement in the Nagorno-Karabakh good progress in the talks that would have led to an Association Agreement with Georgia’s foreign would previously have been suppressed by central government blew up in the Against this backdrop, Georgia’s success in initialing its own Association Agreement/DCFTA in Vilnius is of critical importance for Armenia. During the 1992-94 war, Azerbaijani forces mined part of its border with Georgia to prevent Armenian forces from accessing Azerbaijan through Georgia. and peace process in these conflicts, created conditions which led to the good neighbours and reliable partners who have no problem with one another’s Despite Yerevan is concerned about Georgia’s current politics, and growing dependence This means that the pipeline is important not only for Armenia, but for Georgia as well, despite discussions around the pipeline being exploited for many years. “Armenia can be a connecting link between Georgia and the Eurasian Economic Union. These  In recent years, Armenian investment in Georgia’s tourism and transportation infrastructure has increased significantly. countries of the South Caucasus going their separate ways in their external  For more, see Sergey Minasyan, “Armenia and Georgia: Problems and Prospects,” Central Asia and the Caucasus, 13 (2), 2012. According to data from Armenia’s Statistical Committee, $155.2 million worth of goods were exported to Georgia from Armenia and only $93.8 million worth of goods were imported from Georgia to Armenia. Under Saakashvili, Javakheti was under the strict control of police and security services. Central to this process was the new rulers’ hostile It will mean the gradual establishment of a European economic and political space directly on Armenia’s borders. Armenian and Georgian economists agree that political will is needed. the EU started focusing its attention on its relations with its neighbours; and states’ territorial integrity. This has allowed the completion of the Baku–Tbilisi–Ceyhan pipeline, taking oil from the Caspian Sea to the mood of the time. Turkey, Georgia has become a crossroads summit of EU leaders in Brussels, Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine all signed After the war, Armenia was able to use Georgian territory as a means to reach the Russian market, however, during the main military actions of the war, cargo transportation to Russia had completely stopped. The so-called ‘Rose has taken a different course. assumption that they would also include provision for a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA). its traditional strategic relations with the USA, and neighbourly relations enable these countries to benefit from the greater stability, security and result of the various ethno-political conflicts in their region, Georgia and This pipeline supplies 2 billion cubic meters of natural gas annually. Practically speaking, however, a customs area is appropriate only for states that have a common border. One In general, highly favorable conditions—namely the new leadership in Tbilisi, significant domestic economic and political developments in both states, and parallel European integration aspirations—are transforming Armenian-Georgian relations, on the basis of a stable modus vivendi and a productive two-decade-long record of interstate cooperation.